Vijay Kolinjivadi is a postdoctoral researcher at the Institute of Development Policy (IOB), University of Antwerp (Belgium). He is also a contributing editor to the political ecology blog Uneven Earth, and a writer for the Earth Negotiations Bulletin of the International Institute for Sustainable Development. His research interrogates ‘greening’ initiatives in terms of the ways they deviate from or reinforce relationships of economic production that threaten socio-ecological complexity – indeed the very thing that such initiatives are intended to protect or safeguard. Conceptually, he positions his work between the fields of ecological economics and political ecology. His work has examined initiatives such as agroforestry-related Payments for Ecosystem Services programs in Canada and in South Asia. His current research will explore the social and ecological impacts of compensatory afforestation plantations in India.